Published online May 19, 2023. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v13.i5.215
Peer-review started: February 21, 2023
First decision: March 24, 2023
Revised: April 5, 2023
Accepted: April 17, 2023
Article in press: April 17, 2023
Published online: May 19, 2023
In China, the identification rate and treatment rate of mental disorders are low, and there are few surveys on the prevalence of mental disorders among college students using diagnostic tools such as Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), so the prevalence and treatment of mental disorders among college students are unclear.
To estimate prevalence of mental disorders among medical students in Hebei Province, and provide guidance for improving their mental health.
This was a cross-sectional study based on an Internet-based survey. Three levels of medical students in Hebei Province were randomly selected (by cluster sampling) for screening. Using the information network assessment system, the subjects scanned the 2D code with their mobile phones, clicked to sign the informed consent, and answered a scale. A self-designed general status questionnaire was used to collect information about age, gender, ethnicity, grade, and origin of students. The MINI 5.0. was used to investigate mental disorders. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software. Statistically significant findings were determined using a two-tailed P value of 0.05.
A total of 7117 subjects completed the survey between October 11 and November 7, 2021. The estimated prevalence of any mental disorders within 12 mo was 7.4%. Mood disorders were the most common category (4.3%), followed by anxiety disorders (3.9%); 15.0% had been to psychological counseling, while only 5.7% had been to a psychiatric consultation, and only 10% had received drug therapy in the past 12 mo.
Although the estimated prevalence of mental disorders in medical students is lower than in the general population, the rate of adequate treatment is low. We determined that improving the mental health of medical students is an urgent matter.
Core Tip: College students’ mental health is important to national mental health. In most previous studies of medical students, there have been few investigations using Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as a diagnostic tool to assess the prevalence of mental disorders. In this study, MINI 5.0 was used to investigate the prevalence of mental disorders among medical students in Hebei province, representing the largest series of mental disorders among medical students in China ever reported. Based on these data, the prevalence and treatment of mental disorders among medical students in Hebei were introduced.