Case Control Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Dec 18, 2016; 7(12): 808-813
Published online Dec 18, 2016. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v7.i12.808
Benefits of the use of blood conservation in scoliosis surgery
Peter R Loughenbury, Lyeanda Berry, Ben T Brooke, Abhay S Rao, Robert A Dunsmuir, Peter A Millner
Peter R Loughenbury, Lyeanda Berry, Ben T Brooke, Abhay S Rao, Robert A Dunsmuir, Peter A Millner, Department of Neurosciences, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX, United Kingdom
Author contributions: Loughenbury PR was involved in study design, data collection, data analysis and wrote the manuscript; Berry L was involved in study design, data collection and review of the manuscript; Brooke BT was involved in data collection and analysis; Rao AS, Dunsmuir RA and Millner PA were involved in study design, data analysis and preparation of the manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: This study was reviewed and approved by the Leeds Teaching Hospitals Institutional Review Board.
Informed consent statement: All study participants, or their legal guardian, provided informed consent prior to study enrolment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding publication of this article.
Data sharing statement: Technical appendix, statistical code, and dataset available from the corresponding author at Consent for data sharing was not obtained but the presented data are anonymized and risk of identification is low.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Peter R Loughenbury, MSc FRCS (Tr and Orth), National Spine Fellow, Department of Neurosciences, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, United Kingdom.
Telephone: +44-011-32432799
Received: June 11, 2016
Peer-review started: June 17, 2016
First decision: July 29, 2016
Revised: August 9, 2016
Accepted: October 1, 2016
Article in press: October 3, 2016
Published online: December 18, 2016
Core Tip

Core tip: To our knowledge this is the first report of autologous blood transfusion (ABT) drain use in scoliosis surgery and suggests that its use is both safe and cost effective. When used as part of a systematic programme to minimise blood loss during surgery, the use of ABT drains and intra-operative cell salvage leads to a reduced need for donor blood transfusion in patients undergoing scoliosis surgery.