Published online Dec 18, 2016. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v7.i12.808
Peer-review started: June 17, 2016
First decision: July 29, 2016
Revised: August 9, 2016
Accepted: October 1, 2016
Article in press: October 3, 2016
Published online: December 18, 2016
To investigate whether autologous blood transfusion (ABT) drains and intra-operative cell salvage reduced donor blood transfusion requirements during scoliosis surgery.
Retrospective data collection on transfusion requirements of patients undergoing scoliosis surgery is between January 2006 and March 2010. There were three distinct phases of transfusion practice over this time: Group A received “traditional treatment” with allogeneic red cell transfusion (ARCT) in response to an intra- or post-operative anaemia (Hb < 8 g/dL or a symptomatic anaemia); Group B received intra-operative cell salvage in addition to “traditional treatment”. In group C, ABT wound drains were used together with both intra-operative cell salvage and “traditional treatment”.
Data from 97 procedures on 77 patients, there was no difference in mean preoperative haemoglobin levels between the groups (A: 13.1 g/dL; B: 13.49 g/dL; C: 13.66 g/dL). Allogeneic red cell transfusion was required for 22 of the 37 procedures (59%) in group A, 17 of 30 (57%) in group B and 16 of 30 (53%) in group C. There was an overall 6% reduction in the proportion of patients requiring an ARCT between groups A and C but this was not statistically significant (χ2 = 0.398). Patients in group C received fewer units (mean 2.19) than group B (mean 2.94) (P = 0.984) and significantly fewer than those in group A (mean 3.82) (P = 0.0322). Mean length of inpatient stay was lower in group C (8.65 d) than in groups B (12.83) or A (12.62).
When used alongside measures to minimise blood loss during surgery, ABT drains and intra-operative cell salvage leads to a reduced need for donor blood transfusion in patients undergoing scoliosis surgery.
Core tip: To our knowledge this is the first report of autologous blood transfusion (ABT) drain use in scoliosis surgery and suggests that its use is both safe and cost effective. When used as part of a systematic programme to minimise blood loss during surgery, the use of ABT drains and intra-operative cell salvage leads to a reduced need for donor blood transfusion in patients undergoing scoliosis surgery.