Published online Sep 15, 2023. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v14.i9.1412
Peer-review started: July 4, 2023
First decision: July 19, 2023
Revised: July 27, 2023
Accepted: August 7, 2023
Article in press: August 7, 2023
Published online: September 15, 2023
Early diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a complication of diabetes mellitus. It mainly affects kidney microvessels and glomerular function, and its timely and effective treatment is critical for early DN. However, the effects of treatments comprising simple Western medicine are not optimal. With the promotion and imple
To investigate the effect of sitagliptin tablets combined with Yiqi yangyin huoxue decoction on clinical efficacy and hemorheology in patients with early DN.
Through a retrospective analysis, 123 patients with early DN were admitted to the endocrinology clinic of the Changzhou NO. 7 People’s Hospital from January 2021 to October 2022 and were selected as study subjects. After rigorous screening, 100 patients with early DN were enrolled. The control group (CG, n = 50) and the observation group (OG, n = 50) were divided according to the treatment method. The CG were treated with sitagliptin, and the OG were treated with sitagliptin plus the Yiqi yangyin huoxue decoction. Both groups were treated for 3 mo. For both groups, the baseline data and clinical efficacy were compared, and changes in blood glucose levels, lipid levels, renal function, and hematological indicators before (T0) and after (T1) treatment were assessed.
The total effective rate for the OG was 94.00% and that of the CG was 80.00% (P < 0.05). After treatment (T1), the levels of fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial glucose, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in OG patients were obviously lower than those in the CG (P < 0.05), and cystatin C, homocysteine, urinary microalbumin, and blood creatinine values in OG patients were also obviously lower than those in the CG (P < 0.05); erythrocyte deposition, plasma viscosity, whole blood high shear viscosity, and whole blood low shear viscosity were markedly lower in OG patients than in the CG (P < 0.05).
Sitagliptin combined with Yiqi yangyin huoxue decoction has a remarkable effect when used to treat patients with early DN. Further, it is helpful in improving hemorheological indices and controlling disease progression.
Core Tip: Early diabetic nephropathy (DN) mainly involves kidney microvessels and glomerular functions, and its timely and effective treatment is critical. In clinical practice, the overall treatment effect of medication alone is not ideal. The development of traditional Chinese medicine has demonstrated its superiority for the treatment of many diseases. In the present study, sitagliptin tablets combined with a blood decoction were used to treat patients with early DN. The results showed that sitagliptin combined with Yiqi yangyin huoxue decoction had a significant effect on the treatment of early DN, which was helpful in improving hemorheological indices.