Published online Aug 15, 2002. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v8.i4.668
Revised: November 22, 2001
Accepted: November 29, 2001
Published online: August 15, 2002
AIM: The loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on tumor suppressor genes is believed to play a key role in carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer. In this study, we analyzed the LOH at 5 loci on the long arm of chromosome 22 in sporadic colorectal cancer to identify additional loci involved in colorectal tumorigenesis.
METHODS: Five polymorphic microsatellite markers were analyzed in 83 cases of colorectal and normal DNA by PCR. PCR products were eletrophoresed on an ABI 377 DNA sequencer; Genescan 3.1 and Genotype 2.1 software were used for LOH scanning and analysis. Comparison between LOH frequency and clinicopathological data were performed by χ² test. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
RESULTS: The average LOH frequency on chromosome 22q was 28.38%. The region between markers D22S280 and D22S274 (22q12.2-q13.33) exhibited relatively high LOH frequency. The two highest LOH loci with frequencies of 35.09% and 34.04% was identified on D22S280 (22q12.2-12.3) and D22S274 (22q13.32-13.33).8 cases showed LOH at all informative loci, suggesting that one chromosome 22q had been completely lost. On D22S274 locus, LOH frequency of rectal cancer was 50% (9/18), which was higher than that of proximal colon cancer (12%, 2/17) (P = 0.018). The frequency of distal colon cancer was 42% (5/12), also higher than that of proximal colon cancer. But there was no statistical significance. Putting both the tumors in distal colon and rectum together into consideration, the frequency, 47% (14/30), was higher than that of proximal colon cancer (P = 0.015), suggesting the mechanism of carcinogenisis was different in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provided evidence for the involvement of putative tumor suppressor genes related to the sporadic colorectal carcinoma on chromosome 22q. The tumor-suppressor-gene (s) might locate on the 22q12.2-12.3 and/or 22q13.32-13.33.