Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Clin Cases. Jul 26, 2021; 9(21): 5830-5839
Published online Jul 26, 2021. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i21.5830
Figure 1
Figure 1 With visual acuity of 0. 1 and 0.5 on May 12, 2014 (typical case 1: early onset). Right eye: 1 wk after onset, subnormal eyes of early onset (within 3 wk of onset) and visual field defect of the acute stage. The left eye had attacks more than a year ago, and the disease is now stable (stable atrophy stage) and visual field defect of stable atrophy phase. A: The retinal thickness of the macular area in the eyes, and the right eye had color fundus. Edema of optic disc with hemorrhage, edema affected retinal thickening in the macular area, and an intense yellow ring was observed around the macula (A1). In the left eye, the color fundus phase had the light color of the optic disc, indicating the atrophy of the optic nerve (A2). The macular retinal thickness phase lost the yellow ring around the central fovea; B: Binocular macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness topographic map and meaningful lesion probability map and the right eye revealed the ring of mGCC, indicating red thickening and swelling period but slightly on the above part and retinal nerve fiber layer (right) of the lesion probability map. GCC (middle), GCC++ showed normal phenotype (B1). (B2) shows that peripheral mGCC ring shape of the macular center disappeared, which was in accordance with the findings in (A2). The probability figure of the lesion showed the central macular red atrophy thinning area, and retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell layer++ (retinal nerve fiber layer + retinal ganglion cells + inner plexus layer) were almost all red thinning areas. Ganglion cell layer + (retinal ganglion cells + inner plexus layer) was only severely damaged in the central fovea of the macula; C: The thickness of the nerve fibers around the optic disc of the eyes and the probability of the lesion in the eyes. The right eye indicated that the optic disc had edema, and the peripheral nerve fibers were swollen and thicker than that of the normal high limit. The mGCC swelling of the fundus in this stage was thicker than that of the normal fundus, which could not be explained due to severe horizontal visual field defects in the upper and lower parts. This suggested that visual field changes occur before mGCC atrophy. The swollen mGCC was a mixture of functional and nonfunctional cells, and a small fraction of the visual field disappeared that could be restored with a healing process (C1). The left eye showed that the nerve fibers around the optic disc were shrunk and thinned, and the arch area of the superior and temporal vessels of the optic disc was severe, which was consistent with the changes in the horizontal defect of the upper and lower side of the left visual field (even less perfect at the lower level) (C2).