Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Apr 6, 2024; 12(10): 1785-1792
Published online Apr 6, 2024. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v12.i10.1785
Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome resulted in amputation: A case report
Jun Jiang, Min Liu
Jun Jiang, Min Liu, Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China
Author contributions: Jiang J contributed to manuscript writing, editing, and data collection; Liu M and Jiang J prepared the figures and completed the surgery; Jiang J was responsible for manuscript modification; all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Informed consent statement: Informed written consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this report and any accompanying images.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors report no relevant conflicts of interest for this article.
CARE Checklist (2016) statement: The authors have read the CARE Checklist (2016), and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the CARE Checklist (2016).
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Jun Jiang, MSc, Associate Chief Physician, Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.
Received: October 28, 2023
Peer-review started: October 28, 2023
First decision: January 17, 2024
Revised: January 30, 2024
Accepted: March 13, 2024
Article in press: March 13, 2024
Published online: April 6, 2024
Processing time: 156 Days and 20 Hours
Core Tip

Core Tip: Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome (JCS) is exceedingly rare. In this case, a 10-year-old girl with JCS presented with not only non-ossifying fibromas and café-au-lait macules, but also showed features not mentioned before, severe limb pain, and at last resulted in amputation. This case is a big failure with a tragic ending and has revelatory educational value to all orthopaedic surgeons. We aim to share our failures in treatment and remind other doctors that not every JSC grows with bone development and can be self-healing. We highly recommend education on preventing pathological fractures and explaining the consequent serious consequences to the parents is a matter of prime significance. At the same time, prophylactic treatment (restricted exercise, support, or surgery) is also considerable for JSC.