Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Apr 6, 2024; 12(10): 1766-1771
Published online Apr 6, 2024. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v12.i10.1766
Demyelinating neuropathy in patients with hepatitis B virus: A case report
Xiao-Xiao Yan, Jin Huang, Jing Lin
Xiao-Xiao Yan, Jin Huang, Jing Lin, Department of Neurology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Ruian 325000, Zhejiang Province, China
Author contributions: Yan XX managed the patient and wrote the manuscript; Huang J participated in data collection and revised the manuscript; Lin J was responsible for clinical management of the patient, and drafted and edited the manuscript; all the authors thoroughly reviewed and gave their approval for the final version of the manuscript.
Informed consent statement: The study participant provided informed written consent prior to study enrollment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
CARE Checklist (2016) statement: The authors have read the CARE Checklist (2016), and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the CARE Checklist (2016).
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Jing Lin, Doctor, Chief Physician, Doctor, Department of Neurology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, No. 108 Wansong Road, Ruian, 325000, Zhejiang Province, China.
Received: September 16, 2023
Peer-review started: September 16, 2023
First decision: December 5, 2023
Revised: December 17, 2023
Accepted: March 18, 2024
Article in press: March 18, 2024
Published online: April 6, 2024
Core Tip

Core Tip: We report an exceptional case of demyelinating neuropathy in an individual with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, emphasizing the importance for clinicians to consistently take this into account when making a diagnosis. The underlying disease process and mechanisms of peripheral neuropathy following HBV infection are still unknown. The patient's favorable reaction to immunoglobulin suggests the potential of long-term immune-induced neuropathy.