Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Apr 6, 2024; 12(10): 1733-1741
Published online Apr 6, 2024. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v12.i10.1733
Clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification in diabetic cataract patients
Yi-Fei Tang, Zhi-Hui Duan
Yi-Fei Tang, Zhi-Hui Duan, Department of Glaucoma and Cataracts, Han Yang Eyegood Ophthalmic Hospital, Wuhan 430056, Hubei Province, China
Author contributions: Tang YF and Duan ZH executed this study; Tang YF wrote the manuscript and data analysis; Duan ZH reviewed the manuscript; all authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Han Yang Eyegood Ophthalmic Hospital, No. AG-BNZ-201903.
Informed consent statement: The data used in the study were not involved in the patients’ privacy information, and all patient data obtained, recorded, and managed only used for this study, without any harm to the patient. So the informed consent was waived by the Ethics Committee of Han Yang Eyegood Ophthalmic Hospital.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors had no conflict of interest in this study.
Data sharing statement: Data should be addressed to the corresponding author, Zhi-Hui Duan, dzh8409@163.com.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Zhi-Hui Duan, BMed, Staff Physician, Department of Glaucoma and Cataracts, Han Yang Eyegood Ophthalmic Hospital, No. 8 Longyang Avenue, Hanyang District, Wuhan 430056, Hubei Province, China. dzh8409@163.com
Received: January 5, 2024
Peer-review started: January 5, 2024
First decision: January 30, 2024
Revised: February 25, 2024
Accepted: March 8, 2024
Article in press: March 8, 2024
Published online: April 6, 2024
Abstract
BACKGROUND

Diabetic patients with cataracts encounter specific difficulties during cataract surgery due to alterations in microcirculation, blood supply, metabolism, and the microenvironment. Traditional phacoemulsification may not fully tackle these issues, especially in instances with substantial preoperative astigmatism. The utilization of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification, in conjunction with Toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, offers a potentially more efficient strategy. This research seeks to evaluate the efficacy and possible complications of this approach in diabetic cataract patients.

AIM

To investigate the clinical efficacy and complications of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with Toric IOL implantation in diabetic cataract patients, comparing it with traditional phacoemulsification methods.

METHODS

This retrospective study enrolled 120 patients with diabetes cataract from May 2019 to May 2021. The patients were divided into two groups: the control group underwent traditional phacoemulsification and Toric IOL implantation, while the treatment group received Len Sx femtosecond laser-assisted treatment. Outcome measures included naked eye vision, astigmatism, high-level ocular phase difference detection, clinical efficacy, and complication.

RESULTS

There were no significant preoperative differences in astigmatism or naked eyesight between the two groups. However, postoperative improvements were observed in both groups, with the treatment group showing greater enhancements in naked eye vision and astigmatism six months after the procedure. High-level corneal phase difference tests also indicated significant differences in favor of the treatment group.

CONCLUSION

This study suggests that femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with Toric IOL implantation appears to be more effective in enhancing postoperative vision in diabetic cataract patients compared to traditional methods offering valuable insights for clinical practice.

Keywords: Diabetic cataract, Femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification, Toric intraocular lens implantation, Naked vision

Core Tip: Retrospective studies have shown that femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification produces favorable clinical results in the management of cataracts related to diabetes. This method significantly improves vision after surgery and provides important information for the clinical treatment of cataracts.