Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatry. Mar 19, 2023; 13(3): 113-125
Published online Mar 19, 2023. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v13.i3.113
Hospital-acquired insomnia scale: A validity and reliability study
Bahar Çiftçi, Güzel Nur Yıldız, Özgür Yıldız
Bahar Çiftçi, Department of Fundamental of Nursing, Atateknokent Atatürk University, Erzurum 25000, Turkey
Güzel Nur Yıldız, Department of Dialysis, Muş Alparaslan University, Muş 49000, Turkey
Özgür Yıldız, Department of Nursing, Muş Alparslan University, Muş 49000, Turkey
Author contributions: Çiftçi B contributed to the data collection; Yıldız GN contributed to the data analysis; Çiftçi B,Yıldız GN and Yıldız Ö wrote the manuscript and critically revised the important intellectual content; All authors contributed to the study design and study supervision.
Institutional review board statement: This work was approved by the Muş Alparslan University Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Committee, No. 16/08/2021-20028.
Informed consent statement: All study participants provided informed written consent prior to study enrollment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
STROBE statement: The manuscript was prepared and revised according to the STROBE statement.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Bahar Çiftçi, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Fundamental of Nursing, Atateknokent Atatürk University, Erzurum/Yakutiye, Erzurum 25000, Turkey. bahar.ciftci@atauni.edu.tr
Received: December 27, 2022
Peer-review started: December 27, 2022
First decision: January 31, 2023
Revised: February 4, 2023
Accepted: March 14, 2023
Article in press: March 14, 2023
Published online: March 19, 2023
Processing time: 79 Days and 14.8 Hours
Research background

Insomnia is a major problem for people. Many causes of insomnia have been reported. One of these reasons is hospital-acquired insomnia. Although it has been stated in many studies that patients experience hospital-acquired insomnia, it has been determined that there is no valid and reliable measurement tool that measures hospital-acquired insomnia problems of individuals.

Research motivation

Insomnia, which affects individuals physiologically, psychologically and therapeutically, is a serious problem in the hospital. Hospital-induced insomnia affects the quality of treatment and care. For this reason, healthcare professionals need a measurement tool that can measure the hospital-acquired insomnia levels of patients.

Research objectives

In this study, it was aimed to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool that can determine the hospital-acquired insomnia levels of patients.

Research methods

This research is scale development research consisting of a pilot application and a main application. First of all, an item pool was created for the scale and presented to expert opinion. After the expert opinion, the scale items were made ready for pre-application. In the preliminary application, data were obtained from 64 individuals. During the main application phase, 223 patients were reached. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analyzes were performed with the obtained data. Analyzes were performed using SPSS 20 package program and analysis of moment structure package program.

Research results

As a result of data analysis, it was determined that the scale consisted of 5 sub-dimensions and 18 items. The total Cronbach alpha value of the scale was determined to be 0.783.

Research conclusions

It was determined that the scale, which consists of 5 sub-dimensions and 18 items, is a valid and reliable measurement tool in determining the hospital-acquired insomnia levels of the patients.

Research perspectives

It is recommended to use this measurement tool to determine the insomnia problems of patients and to adapt it in other countries.