Published online May 28, 2015. doi: 10.5319/wjo.v5.i2.78
Peer-review started: September 28, 2014
First decision: December 17, 2014
Revised: December 28, 2014
Accepted: February 9, 2015
Article in press: February 11, 2015
Published online: May 28, 2015
Hydatidosis is a cosmopolitan anthropozoonose common to humans and many mammals. The cervical localization is rare even in endemic countries. We report a case of cervical hydatidosis located in the infra-thyroidian region. The diagnosis was suspected on clinical and radiological examinations (Ultrasonography, computed tomography-scan). The surgical removal of the cyst was difficult because of the inflammatory tissue around the mass. The confirmation of the diagnosis was obtained by the histopathological examination. During the follow-up, a local recurrence of the disease was diagnosed after 9 mo treated successfully by surgery.
Core tip: Cervical hydatidosis is a rare clinical form of the anthropozoonose. The clinical presentation is nonspecific and may be diagnosed only after locoregional complications which can be life-threatening. This paper describes and discusses the clinical and therapeutic features of this disease. Imaging allows an adequate characterization of the mass and helps to planify the surgical approach. The prognosis is generally good provided regular and careful follow-up.