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Copyright ©2012 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Orthop. Nov 18, 2012; 3(11): 175-181
Published online Nov 18, 2012. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v3.i11.175
Figure 4
Figure 4 Role of semaphorin 3A in osteoclast differentiation. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) produced by osteoblasts usually binds to the receptor complex of Nrp1 and Plexin-A1 in osteoclast precursors. Sema3A inhibits differentiation of osteoclast precursors into osteoclasts through the suppression of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAM) signaling. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) stimulation rapidly suppresses Nrp1 expression in osteoclast precursors. Plexin-A1 then makes a complex with triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM-2) and DNAX-activating protein of 12 kDa (DAP12). Sema6D or 6C, transmembrane semaphorins, binds to the receptor complex and stimulates ITAM signals in osteoclast precursors to enhance RANK signaling.