Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Dec 18, 2016; 7(12): 814-820
Published online Dec 18, 2016. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v7.i12.814
Windsurfing vs kitesurfing: Injuries at the North Sea over a 2-year period
Christiaan J A van Bergen, Joris P Commandeur, Rik I K Weber, Daniel Haverkamp, Roelf S Breederveld
Christiaan J A van Bergen, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spaarne Gasthuis, 2134 TM Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
Joris P Commandeur, Department of Surgery, Luzerner Kantonsspital, 6000 Luzern, Switzerland
Rik I K Weber, Daniel Haverkamp, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Slotervaartziekenhuis, 1066 EC Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Roelf S Breederveld, Department of Trauma Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, 1942 LE Beverwijk, The Netherlands
Author contributions: van Bergen CJA designed and performed the study and wrote the article; Commandeur JP helped perform the study; Weber RIK and Haverkamp D assisted in the analysis; Breederveld RS supervised the study; all authors reviewed and commented on the text and approved the final version.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by the METC Noord-Holland Institutional Review Board.
Informed consent statement: All study participants provided informed consent prior to study enrolment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors have no conflict of interest to report.
Data sharing statement: The anonymized dataset is available from the corresponding author at
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Christiaan JA van Bergen, MD, PhD, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spaarne Gasthuis, Spaarnepoort 1, 2134 TM Hoofddorp, The Netherlands.
Telephone: +31-23-2240000 Fax: +31-20-5669117
Received: March 27, 2016
Peer-review started: March 30, 2016
First decision: May 13, 2016
Revised: September 26, 2016
Accepted: October 17, 2016
Article in press: October 19, 2016
Published online: December 18, 2016
Core Tip

Core tip: To our knowledge, this is the first study that directly compares kitesurfing and windsurfing in the same weather and environmental conditions, giving a unique insight in the injuries associated with these sports. Kitesurfing resulted in a significantly higher injury rate than windsurfing in the same environmental conditions but the severity of the injuries did not differ. The presented results may assist the health-care professional and the athlete in taking measures to prevent injuries and in advising or choosing the safer sport.