Published online Apr 18, 2015. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i3.331
Peer-review started: June 30, 2014
First decision: August 14, 2014
Revised: February 6, 2015
Accepted: February 9, 2015
Article in press: February 11, 2015
Published online: April 18, 2015
Core tip: Diabetes is associated with adverse outcomes following orthopaedic surgery. The complications of diabetes such as poor glycemic control, neuropathy, end stage renal disease and neuropathy contribute to adverse outcomes. These adverse outcomes include surgical site infections, impaired wound healing, pseudarthrosis, hardware and implant failure and medical complications. Patients with diabetes who undergo orthopaedic surgery should receive optimal medical management prior to elective surgery in order to minimize complications.