Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Apr 18, 2021; 12(4): 246-253
Published online Apr 18, 2021. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v12.i4.246
Salmonella infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A case report
Thomas Neri, Margaux Dehon, Elisabeth Botelho-Nevers, Celine Cazorla, Sven Putnis, Remi Philippot, Frederic Farizon, Bertrand Boyer
Thomas Neri, Margaux Dehon, Remi Philippot, Frederic Farizon, Bertrand Boyer, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Centre of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne 42000, France
Thomas Neri, EA 7424-Inter-University Laboratory of Human Movement Science, University Lyon-University Jean Monnet Saint Etienne, Saint Etienne 42000, France
Elisabeth Botelho-Nevers, Celine Cazorla, Infectious Diseases Department, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne 42000, France
Sven Putnis, Avon Orthopaedic Centre, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, BS10 5NB, United Kingdom
Author contributions: Neri T, Dehon M, Putnis S, Philippot R, Farizon F and Boyer B reviewed the literature and contributed to manuscript drafting; Boyer B was the patient’s surgeon, reviewed the literature and contributed to manuscript drafting; Botelho-Nevers E and Cazorla C performed the infectious diseases consultation, reviewed the literature and drafted the manuscript; all authors issued final approval for the version to be submitted.
Informed consent statement: Informed written consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this report and any accompanying images.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
CARE Checklist (2016) statement: The authors have read the CARE Checklist (2016), and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the CARE Checklist (2016)
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Thomas Neri, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Senior Researcher, Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Centre of Saint-Etienne, Avenue Albert Raimond, Saint-Etienne 42000, France.
Received: December 31, 2020
Peer-review started: December 31, 2020
First decision: February 15, 2021
Revised: February 25, 2021
Accepted: March 28, 2021
Article in press: March 28, 2021
Published online: April 18, 2021
Core Tip

Core Tip: Infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is uncommon, with staphylococci found in more than 90% of cases. We present herein, an exceptional case of Salmonella infection after ACLR. This case highlights the importance of early diagnosis and management: arthroscopic washing for acute infections or arthrotomy for late infections and appropriate antibiotic therapy. The purpose of the surgical treatment is to prevent arthritis-related joint cartilage destruction and to protect the graft.