Câmara PR, Moi GP, Ferraz JGP, Zeitune JMR. Effect of anesthetics on gastric damage using two models of portal hypertension. World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther 2010; 1(4): 81-86 [PMID: 21577313 DOI: 10.4292/wjgpt.v1.i4.81]
Corresponding Author of This Article
Paula RS Câmara, PhD, UNIVAG, University Center of Várzea Grande, Avenida Dom Orlando Chaves, 2655,Várzea Grande-MT, 78118-000, Brazil. email@example.com
Article-Type of This Article
Open-Access Policy of This Article
This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther. Aug 6, 2010; 1(4): 81-86 Published online Aug 6, 2010. doi: 10.4292/wjgpt.v1.i4.81
Effect of anesthetics on gastric damage using two models of portal hypertension
Paula RS Câmara, Gisele P Moi, José Geraldo P Ferraz, José Murilo R Zeitune
Paula RS Câmara, Gisele P Moi, UNIVAG, University Center of Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Gisele P Moi, Biochemistry Laboratory, Dental School of Piracicaba, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
José Geraldo P Ferraz, Division of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
Paula RS Câmara, José Murilo R Zeitune, Division of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, State University of Campinas, Brazil
Author contributions: Câmara PRS, Ferraz JGP, and Zeitune JMR designed the research; Câmara PRS performed the research; Câmara PRS, Moi GP, Ferraz JGP and Zeitune JMR analyzed the data; Câmara PRS and Moi GP wrote the paper; Ferraz JGP and Zeitune JMR reviewed it; All the authors wrote this paper.
Supported by a Doctoral Grant from the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do São Paulo (FAPESP), Brazil
Correspondence to: Paula RS Câmara, PhD, UNIVAG, University Center of Várzea Grande, Avenida Dom Orlando Chaves, 2655,Várzea Grande-MT, 78118-000, Brazil. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +55-65-36886000 Fax: +55-65-36886015
Received: January 20, 2010 Revised: February 16, 2010 Accepted: February 23, 2010 Published online: August 6, 2010
AIM: To investigate the effect of sodium pentobarbitone (SP) or ketamine/xylazine (KX) anesthetics on acute gastric injury.
METHODS: Portal hypertension was induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) or portal vein stenosis (PVS). Ethanol (EtOH)-induced gastric damage was assessed using ex vivo gastric chamber experiments. Gastric blood flow (GBF) was also measured by laser doppler flowmetry.
RESULTS: EtOH-induced gastric damage was reduced in BDL rats under KX anesthesia in comparison to those under SP anesthesia. GBF dysfunction in fasted BDL rats was partially restored under KX anesthesia. In contrast, in fasted PVS rats, EtOH-induced gastric damage was increased under KX anesthesia while GBF was reduced.
CONCLUSION: The use of KX anesthesia in experimental procedures involving cirrhotic rats (but not those with pure portal hypertension) is preferable to SP anesthesia.