Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Cardiol. Sep 26, 2021; 13(9): 456-463
Published online Sep 26, 2021. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v13.i9.456
Coronary vasospasm: A narrative review
Jacob Jewulski, Sumesh Khanal, Khagendra Dahal
Jacob Jewulski, Foundational Medical Studies, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI 48309, United States
Sumesh Khanal, Department of Internal Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Khagendra Dahal, Department of Cardiology, CHI Health, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68118, United States
Author contributions: Jewulski J and Khanal S performed literature review, and edited the manuscript; Jewulski J drafted the manuscript; Dahal K provided the image; all authors have read and approve the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: No potential conflict of interest. No financial support.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Khagendra Dahal, FACC, MBBS, MD, Academic Fellow, Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, CHI Health, Creighton University School of Medicine, 7500 Mercy Road, Omaha, NE 68118, United States.
Received: March 19, 2021
Peer-review started: March 19, 2021
First decision: May 13, 2021
Revised: May 26, 2021
Accepted: July 23, 2021
Article in press: July 23, 2021
Published online: September 26, 2021
Core Tip

Core Tip: Coronary artery vasospasm (CAVS) represents a spectrum of transient coronary arterial occlusion which can lead to serious complications, including sudden cardiac death. CAVS, often underdiagnosed and undertreated, should be considered in symptomatic patients with nonobstructive coronary arteries. Recent studies have expanded upon the etiology, epidemiology, and treatment options for CAVS.