Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Cardiol. Oct 26, 2020; 12(10): 475-483
Published online Oct 26, 2020. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v12.i10.475
Electronic cigarettes — myocardial infarction, hemodynamic compromise during pregnancy, and systolic and diastolic dysfunction: Minireview
Borna Vajdi, Rasikh Tuktamyshov
Borna Vajdi, Department of Neurology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, United States
Rasikh Tuktamyshov, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, United States
Author contributions: Vajdi B performed the majority of the writing, compiled relevant literature, and data acquisition; Tuktamyshov R provided input, coordination, and outline of paper.
Conflict-of-interest statement: There is no conflict of interest associated with any of the authors contributed their efforts in this manuscript.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Rasikh Tuktamyshov, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University, 20 York Street, New Haven, CT 06511, United States.
Received: April 18, 2020
Peer-review started: April 18, 2020
First decision: July 25, 2020
Revised: August 12, 2020
Accepted: October 5, 2020
Article in press: October 5, 2020
Published online: October 26, 2020
Processing time: 188 Days and 6 Hours
Core Tip

Core Tip: Electronic cigarette (EC) use is rapidly expanding to cigarette-native users including adolescents with little known available studies on long term use in both respiratory and cardiovascular systems. As most recent studies have focused on respiratory implications of EC use, there is much research to be done on cardiovascular ramifications. This literature review focuses on the most recent publications relating to EC use and oxidant formation, thrombogenesis, and myocardial infarctions, and examines the safety profile of ECs in smoking cessation and recreational use.