Letter to the Editor
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Diabetes. Jan 15, 2024; 15(1): 126-128
Published online Jan 15, 2024. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v15.i1.126
Nutrition interventions and clinical outcomes of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: More than meets the eye
Sony Sinha, Prateek Nishant, Ranjeet Kumar Sinha, Arvind Kumar Morya, Ripunjay Prasad
Sony Sinha, Department of Ophthalmology-Vitreo-Retina, Neuro-Ophthalmology and Oculoplasty, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Patna 801507, Bihar, India
Prateek Nishant, Department of Ophthalmology, ESIC Medical College, Patna, Patna 801103, Bihar, India
Ranjeet Kumar Sinha, Department of Community Medicine, Patna Medical College, Patna 800004, Bihar, India
Arvind Kumar Morya, Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad 508126, Telangana, India
Ripunjay Prasad, Department of Ophthalmology, RP Eye Institute, Delhi 110001, Delhi, India
Author contributions: Morya AK designed and formulated the research; Nishant P, Sinha S and Prasad R performed research; Sinha S and Sinha RK analyzed data and wrote the letter; and Nishant P revised the letter; All the authors have read and approved the final manuscript; Sinha S, Nishant P and Sinha RK analyzed the existing data and performed extensive literature search to justify the analysis presented in the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Arvind Kumar Morya, MBBS, MNAMS, MS, Additional Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bibi Nagar, Hyderabad 508126, Telangana, India. bulbul.morya@gmail.com
Received: October 24, 2023
Peer-review started: October 24, 2023
First decision: December 6, 2023
Revised: December 7, 2023
Accepted: December 22, 2023
Article in press: December 22, 2023
Published online: January 15, 2024
Core Tip

Core Tip: In the retrospective study by Luo et al regarding clinical outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the results are statistically significant in favour of the benefits of individualized nutrition interventions enumerated therein. The study has provided important evidence to improve maternal and child health in the Asian population. The methods, however, appear to have considerable limitations, wherein the time point of diagnosis of GDM, severity of GDM, selection bias, compliance to therapy, important maternal covariates, observable microvascular abnormalities and the confounding effect of added insulin have not been considered. We have provided suggestions to improve the external validity of the study, including the use of Equator Network reporting guidelines and inclusion of overweight and obese patients in future studies.