Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Diabetes. Sep 15, 2019; 10(9): 485-489
Published online Sep 15, 2019. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v10.i9.485
Oral manifestations in patients with diabetes mellitus
Bita Rohani
Bita Rohani, Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1919141171, Iran
Author contributions: Rohani B reviewed the literature and drafted the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: No conflicts of interest to declare.
Open-Access: This is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Bita Rohani, DDS, MSc, Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Sabbari Ave, Tehran 1919141171, Iran.
Telephone: +98-91-27201069 Fax: +98-21-26134188
Received: June 15, 2019
Peer-review started: June 19, 2019
First decision: August 2, 2019
Revised: August 19, 2019
Accepted: August 27, 2019
Article in press: August 27, 2019
Published online: September 15, 2019

The purpose of this article was to increase the knowledge about oral manifestations and complications associated with diabetes mellitus. An overview was performed on Google, especially in recent reliable papers in relation to diabetes mellitus and its oral manifestations (keywords were “diabetes mellitus”, “oral manifestations”, and “oral complications”). Data were collected and the results were declared. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia. This disease can have many complications in various regions of the body, including the oral cavity. The important oral manifestations and complications related to diabetes include xerostomia, dental caries, gingivitis, periodontal disease, increased tendency to oral infections, burning mouth, taste disturbance, and poor wound healing. Oral complications in diabetic patients are considered major complications and can affect patients’ quality of life. There is evidence that chronic oral complications in these patients have negative effects on blood glucose control, so prevention and management of the oral complications are important.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Oral complications, Oral manifestations, Periodontal disease, Xerostomia

Core tip: Since diabetes mellitus is a common disease and can have some annoying manifestations in the patient’s mouth, it is important for physicians to be aware of these manifestations and to treat them properly.