Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Jul 28, 2021; 27(28): 4536-4554
Published online Jul 28, 2021. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v27.i28.4536
Management of cholelithiasis with choledocholithiasis: Endoscopic and surgical approaches
Pasquale Cianci, Enrico Restini
Pasquale Cianci, Enrico Restini, Department of Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Lorenzo Bonomo, Andria 76123, Italy
Author contributions: Cianci P concepted and designed the study, and acquired and interpreted the data; Restini E carried out critical reviews and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests for this article.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Pasquale Cianci, MD, AACS, Department of Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Lorenzo Bonomo, Viale Istria, 1 Andria (BT) 76123, Italy.
Received: January 24, 2021
Peer-review started: January 24, 2021
First decision: March 7, 2021
Revised: April 2, 2021
Accepted: June 25, 2021
Article in press: June 25, 2021
Published online: July 28, 2021
Core Tip

Core Tip: Gallstone disease associated with common bile duct stones is a common clinical scenario. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones; conversely, the best treatment option for bile duct stones remains uncertain and controversial. We discuss herein the epidemiology, natural history, clinical presentations, preoperative diagnosis, management, complications, and different methods of treatment.