Published online Sep 28, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i36.12781
Revised: April 17, 2014
Accepted: June 20, 2014
Published online: September 28, 2014
Core tip:Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection remains a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Evidence for additional H. pylori-mediated diseases, as well as potentially beneficial effects of H. pylori infection, complicates decisions regarding when testing for and treating of H. pylori infections is appropriate. In the meantime, eradication of H. pylori is becoming more difficult due to increasing antibiotic resistance. This review summarizes recent findings on H. pylori pathogenesis, testing, and treatment.