Published online Oct 15, 2003. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v9.i10.2160
Revised: May 4, 2003
Accepted: May 11, 2003
Published online: October 15, 2003
AIM: To investigate the expression of c-myc target from laryngeal cancer cells (MTLC) gene in gastric carcinoma (GC) tissues and the effect of MTLC over-expression on gastric carcinoma cell line BGC823.
METHODS: RT-PCR was performed to determine the expression of MTLC mRNA in GC and matched control tissues. BGC823 cells were transfected with an expression vector pcDNA3.1-MTLC by liposome and screened by G418. Growth of cells expressing MTLC was observed daily by manual counting. Apoptotic cells were determined by TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay.
RESULTS: The expression of MTLC mRNAs was down-regulated in 9 (60%) of 15 cases of GC tissues. The growth rates of the BGC823 cells expressing MTLC were indistinguishable from that of control cells. A marked acceleration of apoptosis was observed in MTLC-expressing cells.
CONCLUSION: MTLC was down-regulated in the majority of GC tissues and could promote apoptosis of GC cell lines, which suggests that MTLC may play an important role in the carcinogenesis of gastric carcinoma.