Published online Apr 28, 2009. doi: 10.3748/wjg.15.1990
Revised: March 5, 2009
Accepted: March 12, 2009
Published online: April 28, 2009
AIM: To investigate the flow and mixing at the duodenal stump after gastric resection, a computer simulation was implemented.
METHODS: Using the finite element method, two different Billroth II procedure cases (A and B) were modeled. Case A was defined with a shorter and almost straight duodenal section, while case B has a much longer and curved duodenal section. Velocity, pressure and food concentration distribution were determined and the numerical results were compared with experimental observations.
RESULTS: The pressure distribution obtained by numerical simulation was in the range of the recorded experimental results. Case A had a more favorable pressure distribution in comparison with case B. However, case B had better performance in terms of food transport because of more continual food distribution, as well as better emptying of the duodenal section.
CONCLUSION: This study offers insight into the transport process within the duodenal stump section after surgical intervention, which can be useful for future patient-specific predictions of a surgical outcome.