Published online Jun 1, 2004. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v10.i11.1565
Revised: August 4, 2003
Accepted: August 16, 2003
Published online: June 1, 2004
AIM: To investigate cytpchrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) gene expression in occurrence and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
METHODS: The human liver arrayed library was spotted onto the nylon membranes to make cDNA array. Hybridization of cDNA array was performed with labeled probes synthesized from RNA isolated from HCC and adjacent liver tissues. Sprague-Dawley rats were administrated diethylnitrosamine (DENA) to induce HCC. CYP2E1 expression was detected by the method of RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis.
RESULTS: CYP2E1 was found by cDNA array hybridization to express differently between HCC and liver tissues. CYP2E1 only expressed in liver, but did not express in HCC tissues and expressed lowly in cirrhotic tissues. In the progression of cirrhosis and HCC, the expression level of CYP2E1 was gradually decreased and hardly detected until the late stage of HCC.
CONCLUSION: Using arrayed library to make cDNA arrays is an effective method to find differential expression genes. CYP2E1 is a unique gene expressing in liver but did not express in HCC. CYP2E1 expression descended along with the initiation and progression of HCC, which is noteworthy further investigations in its significance in the development of HCC.