Published online Jul 28, 2022. doi: 10.35713/aic.v3.i3.42
Peer-review started: February 14, 2022
First decision: March 12, 2022
Revised: April 9, 2022
Accepted: July 13, 2022
Article in press: June 13, 2022
Published online: July 28, 2022
The use of machine learning and deep learning has enabled many applications, previously thought of as being impossible. Among all medical fields, cancer care is arguably the most significantly impacted, with precision medicine now truly being a possibility. The effect of these technologies, loosely known as artificial intelligence, is particularly striking in fields involving images (such as radiology and pathology) and fields involving large amounts of data (such as genomics). Practicing oncologists are often confronted with new technologies claiming to predict response to therapy or predict the genomic make-up of patients. Underst-anding these new claims and technologies requires a deep understanding of the field. In this review, we provide an overview of the basis of deep learning. We describe various common tasks and their data requirements so that oncologists could be equipped to start such projects, as well as evaluate algorithms presented to them.
Core Tip: Designing projects and evaluating algorithms require a basic understanding of principles of machine learning. In addition, specific tasks have specific data requirements, annotation requirements, and applications. In this review, we describe the basic principles of machine learning, as well as explain various common tasks and their data requirements and applications in order to enable practicing oncologists to plan their own projects.