Published online May 6, 2019. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v7.i9.1006
Peer-review started: January 17, 2019
First decision: March 10, 2019
Revised: March 19, 2018
Accepted: March 26, 2019
Article in press: March 26, 2019
Published online: May 6, 2019
Core tip: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the most common gastrointestinal causes for hospitalization in the United States. In 2015, AP accounted for approximately 390000 hospitalizations. The most common cause of AP is gallstones, followed closely by alcohol use. Multiple criteria and scoring systems have been established for assessing severity of AP. The cornerstones of management include aggressive intravenous hydration, appropriate nutrition and pain management. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgery are important aspects in management of acute gallstone pancreatitis. We provide a comprehensive review of evaluation and management of AP.