Use of tunnel endoscopy for diagnosis of obscure submucosal esophageal adenocarcinoma: A case report and review of the literature with emphasis on causes of esophageal stenosis
Song Liu, Nian Wang, Jian Yang, Jia-Yao Yang, Zhao-Hong Shi, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan 430000, Hubei Province, China
Author contributions: Liu S and Wang N contributed to study conception and design, data collection, assembly, and analysis, manuscript writing, and literature search, and they contributed equally to this work; Yang J contributed to the collection and assembly of data; Yang JY contributed to data analysis and study conception; Shi ZH contributed to valuable suggestions; all authors reviewed and approved the manuscript.
Informed consent statement: Informed consent was obtained from the patient.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
CARE Checklist (2016) statement: The manuscript was revised according to the CARE Checklist guidelines.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Zhao-Hong Shi, PhD, Chief Doctor, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Hospital of Wuhan, No. 215, Zhongshan Road, Qiaokou District, Wuhan 430000, Hubei Province, China. email@example.com
Received: November 12, 2018
Peer-review started: November 12, 2018
First decision: December 20, 2018
Revised: January 13, 2019
Accepted: January 30, 2019
Article in press: January 29, 2019
Published online: March 6, 2019