How should congenital absence of cruciate ligaments be treated? A case report and literature review
Ran Lu, Dong-Ping Zhu, Neng Chen, Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhuhai 519015, Guangdong Province, China
He Sun, Ze-Hui Li, Xue-Wei Cao, Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China
Author contributions: Lu R and Zhu DP wrote the paper; Cao XW and Lu R helped to revise the paper; Chen N analyzed the special part of the case; Cao XW, Sun H, and Li ZH were the patient’s orthopedic surgeons.
Informed consent statement: Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this report and any accompanying images.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
CARE Checklist (2016) statement: The authors have read the CARE Checklist (2013), and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the CARE Checklist (2016).
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Xue-Wei Cao, MD, PhD, Chairman, Chief Doctor, Orthopedics, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 111, Dade Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: May 28, 2019
Peer-review started: June 3, 2019
First decision: August 1, 2019
Revised: August 11, 2019
Accepted: August 27, 2019
Article in press: August 27, 2019
Published online: October 6, 2019