Copyright ©The Author(s) 2018. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Nov 6, 2018; 6(13): 589-599
Published online Nov 6, 2018. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v6.i13.589
Update on global epidemiology of viral hepatitis and preventive strategies
Meryem Jefferies, Bisma Rauff, Harunor Rashid, Thao Lam, Shafquat Rafiq
Meryem Jefferies, Thao Lam, Drug Health, Western Sydney Local Health District, North Parramatta NSW 2151, Australia
Bisma Rauff, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, Westmead Hospital, Sydney Medical School University of Sydney, Westmead NSW 2145, Australia
Harunor Rashid, National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, the Children’s Hospital at Westmead, and the Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
Shafquat Rafiq, Croydon University Hospital NHS Trust, Croydon SE23 2SP, United Kingdom
Author contributions: Jefferies M conducted literature search, sifted the titles, identified full texts, created the content, abstracted the data wrote the first version of the manuscript, reviewed the references, completed final revision of the manuscript; Rauff B helped with literature search and revision of the manuscript; Rafiq S updated the figures, prepared video record; Rashid H and Lam T provided study concept and critical revision of the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Nothing to declare.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Meryem Jefferies, PhD, Senior Scientist, Drug Health, Western Sydney Local Health District, North Parramatta NSW 2151, Australia.
Telephone: +61-437-874156
Received: May 29, 2018
Peer-review started: May 29, 2018
First decision: July 9, 2018
Revised: September 7, 2018
Accepted: October 16, 2018
Article in press: October 16, 2018
Published online: November 6, 2018
Core Tip

Core tip: Viral hepatitis is a serious disease, which results in a high number of fatalities that increases each year, with the majority of infected people being unaware of their condition. Although many infection control measures have been employed with the expectation of reducing the spread of the virus, eradication or significant disease reduction remains a long way off. The global burden of the disease remains significant. This mini-review presents the current global prevalence status and examines potential elimination strategies.