Published online Sep 20, 2021. doi: 10.5662/wjm.v11.i5.263
Peer-review started: January 27, 2021
First decision: May 6, 2021
Revised: May 19, 2021
Accepted: August 3, 2021
Article in press: August 3, 2021
Published online: September 20, 2021
Core Tip: Red reflex test (RRT) is an easy, non-invasive examination that enables detection of vision- and life-threatening eye disorders. Various studies have dealt with the effectiveness, sensitivity/specificity and abnormalities of the RRT. The aim of the present review is to emphasize the advantages of RRT implementation from neonatal period to childhood and to underline the pediatricians’ role in early diagnosis and treatment of the aforementioned diseases. This study presents a practical guide for the evaluation of the RRT, based on literature data. With appropriate education and compliance to the vision screening protocols, the pediatric society could reduce the incidence of preventable pediatric blindness.