Published online Sep 20, 2021. doi: 10.5662/wjm.v11.i5.263
Peer-review started: January 27, 2021
First decision: May 6, 2021
Revised: May 19, 2021
Accepted: August 3, 2021
Article in press: August 3, 2021
Published online: September 20, 2021
Red eye reflex test (RRT) is a widely known examination that has been used by clinicians for the diagnosis of several ocular disorders. However, its implementation by pediatricians in the clinical practice still remains controversial. This study aims to highlight the importance of RRT and to provide a practical guide for its usage for pediatricians.
The literature data show insufficient implementation of the RRT. This result is in accordance with clinical observation in our country. Therefore, the present study could contribute to raise pediatricians' awareness on this diagnostic tool.
The main objectives of the present study were the assessment of RRT value in specific disorders (such as retinoblastoma and congenital cataract) and the compliance of the clinicians with current guidelines. Moreover, this article investigated reported limitations of this diagnostic technique and motivated future research for the improvement of this method through new technological achievements.
A thorough search on PubMed databases took place by two independent reviewers.
Eligible articles highlighted the significance of the RRT in the diagnosis of sight threatening or even life threatening eye pathologies. The implementation rates seemed to present a wide range among the countries. This fact, underlines the need for appropriate education and official guidelines from health systems.
This study demonstrates why pediatricians should include the RRT in their clinical practice and provides a practical guide for the prompt implementation of this diagnostic examination. Further investigations are in progress in order to overcome the main limitations of the traditional red reflex examination.
The rapid progress of technology achievements should improve the usage of the traditional red reflex method, making it easier and more efficient.