Published online Nov 12, 2016. doi: 10.5501/wjv.v5.i4.135
Peer-review started: April 12, 2016
First decision: June 12, 2016
Revised: June 29, 2016
Accepted: August 11, 2016
Article in press: August 15, 2016
Published online: November 12, 2016
Core tip: Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, was restricted to Africa until its spread to south-east Asia, the Pacific, and, finally, to the Americas, where an estimated 4 million cases of ZIKV infection have been recorded, and where a worrisome possible association of ZIKV with the development of severe neurological disorders, such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome and microcephaly, have been reported. In this contribution we present an updated review addressing what is currently known about the possible association between ZIKV infection and the development of severe neurological disorders, remarking the urgent need for further investigations to clearly resolve this point.