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Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatr. Sep 22, 2017; 7(3): 163-176
Published online Sep 22, 2017. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v7.i3.163
Taking care of suicidal patients with new technologies and reaching-out means in the post-discharge period
Giulia Falcone, Adele Nardella, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
Giulia Falcone, Adele Nardella, Psychiatry Residency Training Program, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
Dorian A Lamis, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, United States
Denise Erbuto, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili, Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
Author contributions: Falcone G, Nardella A and Pompili M independently inspected all citations of the studies identified; Lamis DA and Erbuto D contributed in revising the paper and in development of the discussion; Girardi P and Pompili M supervised and provided intellectual impetuous for the study.
Conflict-of-interest statement: No author or immediate family member has financial relationships with commercial organizations that might appear to represent a potential conflict of interest with the material presented.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Maurizio Pompili, Professor, Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Via di Grottarossa 1035, 00189 Rome, Italy. maurizio.pompili@uniroma1.it
Telephone: +39-06-3377575 Fax: +39-06-33775342
Received: March 7, 2017
Peer-review started: March 10, 2017
First decision: May 2, 2017
Revised: June 26, 2017
Accepted: July 14, 2017
Article in press: July 15, 2017
Published online: September 22, 2017
Core Tip

Core tip: Several studies have shown that several reaching-out means (e.g., letters, postcards, sms, emails) are useful and beneficial for healthcare professionals in preventing suicide and self-harm attempts. In this review we wanted to evaluate how these means could influence the number of episodes of repeated self-harm and/or suicide attempts after discharge from emergency department or psychiatric wards. We have shown that these innovative methods of contact are well accepted by patients in the post-discharge period and are easily used in preventing suicide and self-harm reattempts even though future researchers should continue improving and testing new technologies in the prevention of suicide.