Brief Article
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World J Psychiatr. Sep 22, 2013; 3(3): 74-84
Published online Sep 22, 2013. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v3.i3.74
Interpersonal distances, coping strategies and psychopathology in patients with depression and schizophrenia
Alexander M Ponizovsky, Irena Finkelstein, Inna Poliakova, Dimitry Mostovoy, Nehama Goldberger, Paula Rosca
Alexander M Ponizovsky, Paula Rosca, Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem 9446724, Israel
Irena Finkelstein, Inna Poliakova, Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center, Jerusalem 91060, Israel
Dimitry Mostovoy, Nehama Goldberger, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem 9446724, Israel
Author contributions: Ponizovsky AM designed the study, analyzed data and wrote the manuscript; Finkelstein I, Poliakova I and Rosca P collected data and were involved in writing; Mostovoy D and Goldberger N analyzed data; all authors approved a final version of the manuscript.
Supported by The Ministry of Immigrant Absorption to Professor Ponizovsky AM
Correspondence to: Alexander M Ponizovsky, MD, PhD, Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu St., PO Box 1176, Jerusalem 9446724, Israel.
Telephone: +972-2-5080627 Fax: +972-2-5655908
Received: June 23, 2013
Revised: July 30, 2013
Accepted: August 4, 2013
Published online: September 22, 2013
Core Tip

Core tip: This paper takes a unique approach by investigating two emotion-regulation strategies, interpersonal distancing and coping with stress, in patients diagnosed with both adjustment disorder with depression and schizophrenia, and the relationships of these strategies to symptomatology of the disorders. The findings generally supported the hypotheses that the patient groups would display greater interpersonal distances from both positively and negatively valenced stimuli, and greater use of emotion-focused coping than controls. The findings suggest that patients with depression and schizophrenia use different maladaptive emotion-regulation strategies to cope with their symptoms and related distress. Training in stress management might provide patients with skills for more effective emotion regulation.