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World J Psychiatry. Jan 19, 2022; 12(1): 108-116
Published online Jan 19, 2022. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v12.i1.108
Emergence of bariatric psychiatry as a new subspecialty
Alfonso Troisi
Alfonso Troisi, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome 00133, Italy
Author contributions: Troisi A conceived and wrote the review.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The author declares no conflict of interests for this article.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Alfonso Troisi, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, Rome 00133, Italy.
Received: February 24, 2021
Peer-review started: February 24, 2021
First decision: July 15, 2021
Revised: July 19, 2021
Accepted: December 29, 2021
Article in press: November 29, 2021
Published online: January 19, 2022
Core Tip

Core Tip: Bariatric psychiatry has gained the status of a new subspecialty within the field of mental health and psychopathology. The aims of bariatric psychiatry can be grouped into three distinct categories. First, to ascertain that there are no psychiatric contraindications to safe bariatric surgery. Second, to diagnose and treat pre-surgery mental conditions that could predict poor weight loss. Third, to diagnose and treat post-surgery mental conditions associated with poor quality of life. Future research should focus on post-surgery quality of life, adherence to behavioral guidelines, risk of suicide, and prevalence of psychological disturbances and mental disorders.