Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatr. Jun 19, 2021; 11(6): 242-252
Published online Jun 19, 2021. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v11.i6.242
Psychological predictors of bipolarity in panic disorder
Da Hye Oh, Doo-Heum Park, Seung-Ho Ryu, Jee Hyun Ha, Hong Jun Jeon
Da Hye Oh, Doo-Heum Park, Seung-Ho Ryu, Jee Hyun Ha, Hong Jun Jeon, Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul 05030, South Korea
Doo-Heum Park, Seung-Ho Ryu, Jee Hyun Ha, Hong Jun Jeon, Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul 05029, South Korea
Author contributions: Jeon HJ conceptualized this study; Jeon HJ, Park DH, Ryu SH and Ha JH collected and interpreted the data; Oh DH conducted statistical analysis and wrote the original draft; Jeon HJ revised the manuscript; all authors reviewed and approved the final article.
Institutional review board statement: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Konkuk University Hospital (IRB number: KUMC 2021-01-028).
Informed consent statement: Written informed consent was waived due to the retrospective nature of the study.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors have no conflict of interest.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Hong Jun Jeon, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University Medical Center, 120-1 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05030, South Korea.
Received: February 24, 2021
Peer-review started: February 24, 2021
First decision: April 21, 2021
Revised: May 6, 2021
Accepted: May 24, 2021
Article in press: May 24, 2021
Published online: June 19, 2021
Core Tip

Core Tip: The close relationship between panic disorder and bipolar disorder has been suggested in the literature. In this study, we showed that panic disorder patients with high anxiety trait were more likely to have bipolar symptoms. Moreover, low self-directedness scores on the Temperament and Character Inventory and high scores on the hypomanic clinical scale in Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory were also associated with bipolarity in patients with panic disorder. We suggest that certain psychological characteristics may help clinician to make a tailored treatment strategy for panic disorder.