Published online Sep 19, 2023. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v13.i9.698
Peer-review started: July 6, 2023
First decision: July 27, 2023
Revised: August 2, 2023
Accepted: August 15, 2023
Article in press: August 15, 2023
Published online: September 19, 2023
A clean operating department is important for hospitals to implement surgical treatments and attend to critically ill patients. These departments have a large workload, fast rhythm, and high intensity. The working environment in clean operating departments constantly challenges nurses and can easily lead to negative mental states, such as despair and anxiety, and ultimately, psychological problems. However, ensuring the mental health of nurses in clean operating departments is key to the normal functioning of hospital operating rooms.
A crucial determinant of a person’s subjective well-being and quality of life is their level of life satisfaction. Resilience is a protective factor for individual mental health. Both are important factors in ensuring mental health. Therefore, exploring the mediating role of life satisfaction in the effects of resilience on depression among nurses in clean operating departments can provide a reference for promoting harmonious development among nursing teams in operating rooms and improving the quality of nursing services.
To investigate how depression and resilience are related and the possible mediating role of life satisfaction in this association among nurses in clean operating departments and provide a scientific basis for increasing their resilience and life satisfaction, and reducing the occurrence of depression.
A total of 196 nurses from three clean operating departments in one hospital were selected using convenience sampling. The Connor-Davidson resilience scale, satisfaction with life scale, and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were used to evaluate resilience, life satisfaction, and depression.
The mean depression score for nurses in the clean operating department was 56.21 (± 8.70), which exceeded the critical value of the norm score for the Chinese SDS. Nurses’ resilience was positively correlated with life satisfaction and negatively correlated with depression. Life satisfaction served as a partial mediator between resilience and depression in the nurses in the clean operating department, with a mediation effect value of -6.853, accounting for 26.68% of the total effect.
Life satisfaction had a partial mediating role between resilience and depression among nurses in a clean operating department, suggesting that hospitals should not only increase the resilience of medical staff in the face of adversity but also promote the mental health level of this group by improving their life satisfaction.
Depression is not the only psychological problem that nurses in clean operating departments face. In the future, we will further study psychological distress and its influencing factors among nurses in clean operating departments to provide a more reliable theoretical basis for ensuring their mental health.