Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatry. Nov 19, 2023; 13(11): 919-928
Published online Nov 19, 2023. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v13.i11.919
Relationship between primary caregivers’ social support function, anxiety, and depression after interventional therapy for acute myocardial infarction patients
Jun Bao, Xiao-Yan Wang, Chong-Hao Chen, Li-Ting Zou
Jun Bao, Xiao-Yan Wang, Chong-Hao Chen, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214000, Jiangsu Province, China
Li-Ting Zou, Department of Emergency, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214000, Jiangsu Province, China
Author contributions: Bao J designed the research and wrote the paper; Zou LT supervised the report; Wang XY contributed to the analysis; and Chen CH provided clinical advice.
Institutional review board statement: The study procedures were approved by the Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University (approval No. WXSY-YXLL-AF/SC-02/01.0).
Informed consent statement: All participants provided written and informed consent.
Data sharing statement: Raw data for this study can be obtained from the corresponding author.
STROBE statement: The authors have read the STROBE Statement checklist of items, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to this checklist.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Li-Ting Zou, MBBS, Associate Professor, Department of Emergency, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University, No. 1000 Hefeng Road, Wuxi 214000, Jiangsu Province, China. carthise2@163.com
Received: September 5, 2023
Peer-review started: September 5, 2023
First decision: September 14, 2023
Revised: September 20, 2023
Accepted: October 11, 2023
Article in press: October 11, 2023
Published online: November 19, 2023
ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS
Research background

After interventional therapy, most patients need care at home, from their caregivers. The social support function of primary caregivers is an important factor affecting the quality of care and prognosis of patients. Primary caregivers often experience varying degrees of anxiety and depression.

Research motivation

It is necessary to understand the correlation indicators of primary caregivers’ social support functions to better guide clinical interventions. Considering that primary caregivers tend to have different levels of anxiety and depression, we speculate that their social support function may be related to anxiety and depression.

Research objectives

To explore the relationship between anxiety, depression, and the social support function of primary caregivers of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing interventional surgery.

Research methods

Investigate the primary caregivers of AMI patients undergoing interventional surgery using the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). The correlation between the SSRS and SAS or SDS was evaluated using a Pearson’s correlation analysis, multiple linear regression, receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC), and area under the curve (AUC).

Research results

The SSRS was negatively correlated with the SAS and SDS scores. SAS and SDS were independent factors for low SSRS and could predict the risk of low SSRS.

Research conclusions

The social support function of primary caregivers of AMI patients undergoing interventional surgery is associated with anxiety and depression.

Research perspectives

Based on the Pearson’s correlation analysis, multiple linear regression, ROC, and AUC, we comprehensively analyzed the correlation between the SSRS, SAS, and SDS scores of primary caregivers of patients with AMI who underwent interventional surgery, confirming that the social support function of primary caregivers is closely related to anxiety and depression, which is instructive for clinical intervention.