Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatry. Sep 19, 2023; 13(9): 607-619
Published online Sep 19, 2023. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v13.i9.607
Past, present, and future of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation: A review in psychiatric and neurological disorders
Jin-Ling Cheng, Cheng Tan, Hui-Yu Liu, Dong-Miao Han, Zi-Cai Liu
Jin-Ling Cheng, Cheng Tan, Zi-Cai Liu, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shaoguan First People’s Hospital, Shaoguan 512000, Guangdong Province, China
Hui-Yu Liu, Department of Infectious Diseases, Yuebei Second People’s Hospital, Shaoguan 512026, Guangdong Province, China
Dong-Miao Han, Department of Rehabilitation Therapy Teaching and Research, Gannan Healthcare Vocational College, Ganzhou 341000, Jiangxi Province, China
Author contributions: Liu ZC, Liu HY, and Han DM conceived the topic; Liu ZC and Cheng JL reviewed the material and wrote the manuscript; Tan C and Liu HY checked the manuscript; all authors contributed to the revision of the article, and have read and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: There is no conflict of interest to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Zi-Cai Liu, MS, Physiotherapist, Researcher, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shaoguan First People’s Hospital, No. 3 Dongdi South Road, Zhenjiang District, Shaoguan 512000, Guangdong Province, China.
Received: June 8, 2023
Peer-review started: June 8, 2023
First decision: July 19, 2023
Revised: July 25, 2023
Accepted: August 1, 2023
Article in press: August 1, 2023
Published online: September 19, 2023

Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (DTMS) is a new non-invasive neuromodulation technique based on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation tech-nology. The new H-coil has significant advantages in the treatment and mechanism research of psychiatric and neurological disorders. This is due to its deep stimulation site and wide range of action. This paper reviews the clinical progress of DTMS in psychiatric and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, post-stroke motor dysfunction, aphasia, and other neurological disorders, as well as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia.

Keywords: Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, Neurological disorders, Psychiatric disorders, Minireview

Core Tip: Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation as a novel non-invasive neuromodulation technique has been reported to be applied in clinical psychiatric and neurological disorders. The potential clinical efficacy and safety of this technique in each disorder and the mechanisms behind them need to be further summarized and sorted out, and the direction of future development needs to be more clearly defined.