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Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatr. Oct 19, 2021; 11(10): 754-773
Published online Oct 19, 2021. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v11.i10.754
Therapeutic role of yoga in neuropsychological disorders
Elnaz Nourollahimoghadam, Shaghayegh Gorji, Ali Gorji, Maryam Khaleghi Ghadiri
Elnaz Nourollahimoghadam, Shefa Neuroscience Research Center, Khatam Alanbia Hospital, Tehran 1996835911, Iran
Shaghayegh Gorji, Ali Gorji, Epilepsy Research Center, Münster University, Münster 48149, Germany
Ali Gorji, Department of Neuroscience, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948564, Iran
Maryam Khaleghi Ghadiri, Department of Neurosurgery, Münster University, Münster 48149, Germany
Author contributions: Nourollahimoghadam E, Gorji A, and Khaleghi Ghadiri M contributed to the conception and design of the study; Nourollahimoghadam E and Gorji S contributed to searching and accumulation of the data and writing and drafting of the preliminary manuscript; Gorji A and Khaleghi Ghadiri M contributed to critical revision of the final draft of the manuscript; All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: There is no conflict of interest.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Ali Gorji, MD, Professor, Epilepsy Research Center, Münster University, Domagkstr 11, Münster 48149, Germany. gorjial@uni-muenster.de
Received: February 24, 2021
Peer-review started: February 24, 2021
First decision: June 24, 2021
Revised: June 28, 2021
Accepted: August 2, 2021
Article in press: August 2, 2021
Published online: October 19, 2021
Abstract

Yoga is considered a widely-used approach for health conservation and can be adopted as a treatment modality for a plethora of medical conditions, including neurological and psychological disorders. Hence, we reviewed relevant articles entailing various neurological and psychological disorders and gathered data on how yoga exerts positive impacts on patients with a diverse range of disorders, including its modulatory effects on brain bioelectrical activities, neurotransmitters, and synaptic plasticity. The role of yoga practice as an element of the treatment of several neuropsychological diseases was evaluated based on these findings.

Keywords: Complementary medicine, depression, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Anxiety, Migraine, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Epilepsy, Multiple sclerosis

Core Tip: A multitude of beneficial effects of yoga practice and the underlying mechanisms of action have been reported and point out its role as an influential element in the integrative therapy of various neuropsychological disorders. In the planning of further investigations, studies should be designed to achieve more accuracy and precision in the heterogeneous field of yoga practices and potential fields of application.