Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Ophthalmol. May 12, 2015; 5(2): 55-72
Published online May 12, 2015. doi: 10.5318/wjo.v5.i2.55
State of the art management of diabetic macular edema
Ramin Nourinia, Masoud Soheilian
Ramin Nourinia, Masoud Soheilian, Ophthalmology Department and Ophthalmic Research Center, Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti Universityof Medical Sciences, Tehran 16666, Iran
Masoud Soheilian, Negah Eye Hospital, Tehran 16666, Iran
Author contributions: All the authors contributed to this work.
Conflict-of-interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this manuscript.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Masoud Soheilian, MD, Professor of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmology Department, Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Pasdaran Ave. Boostan 9 St. Tehran 16666, Iran.
Telephone: +98-21-22562138 Fax: +98-21-22562138
Received: February 12, 2014
Peer-review started: February 13, 2014
First decision: March 12, 2014
Revised: January 21, 2015
Accepted: January 30, 2015
Article in press: February 2, 2015
Published online: May 12, 2015
Core Tip

Core tip: There are multiple treatment approaches for diabetic macular edema so in this article we reviewed almost all treatment modalities for diabetic macular edema and efficacy and side effects of them.