Copyright ©2012 Baishideng.
World J Orthop. Aug 18, 2012; 3(8): 114-121
Published online Aug 18, 2012. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v3.i8.114
Table 1 Surgical indications
Primary surgery
Radioresistant tumors (e.g., sarcoma, renal cell carcinoma)
Spinal instability
Pathologic fracture with bone in the spinal canal
Circumferential epidural tumor
Moderate to highly radio-resistant tumors (e.g., colon, lung)
Occult primary tumor
Post-treatment (radiotherapy/chemotherapy) surgery
Progressive neurologic symptoms
Progression of tumor with high grade spinal cord compression
Spinal instability
Rule out residual tumor post radiotherapy/chemotherapy