Effect of lengthening along the anatomical axis of the femur and its clinical impact
Khaled M Emara, Ahmed Nageeb Mahmoud, Ahmed K Emara, Mariam K Emara, Limb Reconstruction and Deformity Correction Unit, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo 11566, Egypt
Author contributions: Emara KM contributed to study design; Mahmoud AN contributed to literature review, research, manuscript design and writing; Emara AK contributed to writing and research; Emara MK contributed to calculation, mathematical engineering and illustrations.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest related to this research.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Dr. Khaled M Emara, Professor, Limb Reconstruction and Deformity Correction Unit, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Ain Shams University Hospitals, 13 B Kornesh EL Nile, Agha Khan, Cairo 11566, Egypt. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +20-22-2055661 Fax: +20-22-2055662
Received: November 7, 2016
Peer-review started: November 10, 2016
First decision: February 15, 2017
Revised: March 4, 2017
Accepted: March 16, 2017
Article in press: March 17, 2017
Published online: May 18, 2017