Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Orthop. Mar 18, 2017; 8(3): 286-289
Published online Mar 18, 2017. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v8.i3.286
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty complicated by mismatched implant components
Alessandro Calistri, Patricia Campbell, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Koen Aimè De Smet
Alessandro Calistri, Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, ANCA Clinic, 00197 Rome, Italy
Patricia Campbell, Implant Retrieval Lab, Orthopaedic Institute for Children, Los Angeles, CA 90007, United States
Catherine Van Der Straeten, Department Orthopaedics and Traumatology, UZ University Hospital, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Koen Aimè De Smet, ANCA Medical Centre, 9831 Ghent, Belgium
Author contributions: Calistri A, Campbell P and De Smet KA contributed to conception and design; Calistri A contributed to acquisition of data; Campbell P and Van Der Straeten C contributed to analysis and interpretation of data.
Institutional review board statement: This case report was exempt from the Institutional Review Board standards at Anca Clinic in Rome.
Informed consent statement: The patient involved in this study gave his written informed consent authorizing use and disclosure of his protected health information.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Campbell P is a consultant for DePuy Synthes, Wright Medical Technology and her lab receives funding for retrieval analysis of metal-on-metal implants from DePuy Synthes; all the other authors have no conflicts of interests to declare.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Alessandro Calistri, MD, Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, ANCA Clinic, Via de Notaris 2b, 00197 Rome, Italy.
Telephone: +39-06-68892472
Received: May 1, 2016
Peer-review started: May 3, 2016
First decision: July 6, 2016
Revised: October 31, 2016
Accepted: December 27, 2016
Article in press: December 28, 2016
Published online: March 18, 2017
Core Tip

Core tip: The authors present a case of a man who underwent a resurfacing arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the left hip that was complicated by mismatched implant components that were revised three days afterwards for severe pain and leg length discrepancy. Such mistakes, although rare, can be prevented by educating operating room staff in the size and colour code tables provided by the companies on their prostheses or implant boxes.