Published online Mar 18, 2015. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i2.263
Peer-review started: June 18, 2014
First decision: August 14, 2014
Revised: September 14, 2014
Accepted: October 1, 2014
Article in press: October 10, 2014
Published online: March 18, 2015
Core tip: Frozen shoulder is a common disease which causes significant morbidity. Despite over a hundred years of treating this condition the definition, diagnosis, pathology and most efficacious treatments are still largely unclear. This systematic review of current treatments for frozen shoulder reviews the evidence base behind physiotherapy, both oral and intra articular steroid, hydrodilatation, manipulation under anaesthesia and arthroscopic capsular release. Key areas in which future research could be directed are identified, in particular with regard to the increasing role of arthroscopic capsular release as a treatment.