Jennifer H Wood, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States
Janet D Conway, International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States
Author contributions: Wood JH and Conway JD contributed equally to this work by analyzing the available literature and developing concepts to be presented; Wood JH wrote and revised the manuscript; Conway JD provided a framework for this review, provided critical content and expert opinion, revised the manuscript, and contributed collective patient experience.
Conflict-of-interest: Janet D Conway has received fees from Biomet and Depuy Synthes for serving as a consultant, has received royalties from the University of Florida, and has received research funding from Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Kinetic Concepts, Inc., and CD Diagnostics; Jennifer H Wood does not have any conflicts of interest to report.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Janet D Conway, MD, Head of Bone and Joint Infection, International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, 2401 West Belvedere Ave, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States. email@example.com
Telephone: +1-410-6019000 Fax: +1-410-6014292
Received: September 6, 2014
Peer-review started: September 6, 2014
First decision: October 14, 2014
Revised: November 7, 2014
Accepted: December 16, 2014
Article in press: December 17, 2014
Published online: March 18, 2015