David Shervin, Katelyn Pratt, Travis Healey, Samantha Nguyen, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, Khaled J Saleh, Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794-9679, United States
William M Mihalko, Campbell Clinic Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163, United States
Author contributions: Shervin D, Pratt K, Healey T, Nguyen S, Mihalko WM, El-Othmani MM and Saleh KJ contributed equally to this work, and wrote the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Dr. Mihalko reports other from B Braun Aesculap Inc, other from Medtronic Inc, other from Stryker Inc, outside the submitted work; In addition, Dr. Mihalko has a patent Vega Knee System issued. Dr. Saleh reports grants from OREF; NIH NIAMS (R0-1), personal fees from Aesculap/B. Braun, Iroko Pharmaceuticals LLC., Watermark Inc-DSMB, Memorial Medical Center Co-Management Orthopaedic Board, other from American Orthopaedic Association - Communication Chair, AAOS Board of Specialty Societies, AAOS Osteoarthritis FP measure oversight chair,American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons Oral Examiner, Notify LLC- Founding Partner, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (A) Deputy Editor, other from Aesculap/B. Braun, Elsevier Science - Book royalties, other from American Orthopaedic Association Executive Committee, American Orthopaedic Association Critical Issues Committee, BOS Research Committee Performance Measures Committee, Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation Industry Relations Committee; OREF Clinical Research Awards Committee, outside the submitted work. Dr. El-Othmani, Dr. Shervin, Ms. Pratt, Mr. Healey and Ms. Nguyen have nothing to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Khaled J Saleh, BSc, MD, MSc, FRCS (C), MHCM, Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, PO Box 19679, Springfield, IL 62794-9679, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +1-217-5458865 Fax: +1-217-5457901
Received: May 14, 2015
Peer-review started: May 14, 2015
First decision: June 24, 2015
Revised: August 5, 2015
Accepted: September 7, 2015
Article in press: September 8, 2015
Published online: November 18, 2015