Published online Jul 18, 2014. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v5.i3.362
Revised: April 9, 2014
Accepted: May 16, 2014
Published online: July 18, 2014
Core tip: Despite general success in joint arthroplasty, periprosthetic joint infection remains a serious challenge. With the accelerated incidence and increased charges, PJIs are expected to impose substantial medical and socioeconomic burden in the future. There is no debate that the prevention is the first and the best strategy to minimize this catastrophic complication and the specific strategies for prevention should be integrated into and be in accordance with the general principles to control surgical site infection. Thus, we provide a comprehensive approach based on these general principles as well as own specific practice at our institution for better understandings.