Published online Apr 18, 2014. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v5.i2.94
Revised: January 16, 2014
Accepted: March 17, 2014
Published online: April 18, 2014
Core tip: This paper reviews the techniques used for modern posterior screw fixation of the pediatric cervical spine. The preoperative considerations, necessary studies, and surgical techniques are reviewed in order to educate the reader on the use of modern screw fixation in the pediatric cervical spine. Upper cervical fixation techniques as well as lateral mass screw fixation in the subaxial spine are discussed.